The wordTirage is of French origin and is used to embody disclosure specifics for proper use of the term Fine Art.
In the State of California the termFine Art is restricted to individual works of art having documentation that fulfills the minimun twelve points of question in sections 1742-44 of the California Civil Code outlining disclosure ethics and express warranties.
The legal view of a work of art, according to the strict ethics of insurance companies that actually write a check thereby offering evidence of its worth, consideres only works of art that are accompanied by documentation having zero unknowns on the written instrument offered prior to purchase.
If all of the minimun requirements are specifically furnished to the collector prior to the sale, the written document is recognized as a Tirage.
If only eleven points of disclosure are present on the written instrument, the document is simply not a Tirage, and the art work, although it may have fascinating features, is not Fine Art according to the experts.
Finally, it is not illegal to either sell or collect works that do not have disclosure equalling the insurance company standards; it is however, unethical. The point of measurement is in the ethics of the law, and the key is disclosure. The evidence that the law has made the distiction between handicrafts and fine art as a matter of fact.
Once a work created by anyone is honestly compared to known and recognized quality it stands alone. Who would want to deliberately offer only eleven of the twelve minimum points of disclosure? Who is it that is deliberately striving for the second drawer? Who is it that would seek to collect second best?
For all of the above reasons, in complience with that which is expected by every investigator for insurance evaluation purposes, I , Loren D. Adams Jr., offer the following official document of disclosure.